The supply of high-end talent, government investmen

t in culture and education, attractiveness for foreign investment and consumption scale are also indicators under consideration.

Shanghai has the highest infrastructure and cultural environment indexes, and the financi

al hub’s talent, technological innovation and financing indexes are in the top three of the country.

Although Beijing’s soft environment index ranked first among all Chinese cities, its hard environment index lagged behind

due to restriction of natural resources such as air quality, climate and forest coverage rate, the report said.

With the best hard environment, South China’s Shenzhen also leads on the country’s technological innovation index.

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China has to walk a fine balance between local govern

nment debt management and stable economic growth, especially at a time when trade te

nsions with the United States have imposed more downward pressure, said economists.

More financial resources and investors will be involved in the debt resolution process, said Qiao Baoyun, head of the Acad

emy of Public Finance and Public Policy at the Central University of Finance and Economics.

The last round of local government debt swaps started in 2015 and ended in August 2018, w

hich saw 14.34 trillion yuan ($2.08 trillion) of local government debt being swapped into bonds.

Local governments are set to face more debt burden in the next three ye

ars, as many of the previously issued bonds are set to expire, income from land sales has

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Liu’s article was published in Qiushi Journal, a flagship m

magazine of the Communist Party of China Central Committee. He said more efforts a

re needed to implement the proactive fiscal policy and boost efficiency this year.

Preventing and defusing local governments’ hidden debt risks is key to controlling major risks, he said.

Innovative financial tools will be introduced for debt swaps, and the indebted comp

anies will be allowed to choose the same way, under guidance from the local governments, Liu Shangxi, hea

d of the Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences, the Ministry of Finance’s think tank, told China Daily.

“The total amount of hidden debt waiting to be swapped has not yet been calculated, as this

round of debt swaps will not involve the government’s administrative orders, but depends on the ma

rket’s appetite based on the evaluation of the potential default risks and the companies’ solvency,” he said.

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Under current party rules, she cannot be challenged again

n for a year, but some on Brady’s committee had pushed for those rules to be change

d in order to try to force her out earlier if she refused to set out a clear departure date.

Boris Johnson, the face of the campaign for Britain to leave the Europea

n Union, said he would stand as a candidate to replace May as Conservative leader.

May’s Brexit deal has been rejected three times by parliament, and weeks of talks with the opposition Labour Party, the idea

of which was deeply unpopular with many Conservatives, have failed to find a consensus on the way forward.

A BBC reporter said on Thursday those talks were due to be

called off soon after the ruling Conservatives gave up on any hope of a resolution.

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Asked whether China will retaliate by targeting certain US co

 companies, Lu said that as for foreign enterprises operating in Chi

na, there is no need for them to worry as long as their businesses are law-abiding.

S President Donald Trump issued an executive order on Wednesd

ay in which he declared a national economic emergency and banned the technology and

services of “foreign adversaries” deemed to pose “unacceptable risks” to US national security.

The US intention is so obvious that media outlets around the world have without exception interpr

eted this as targeting Huawei, by excluding the Chinese telecommunications giant from US networks.

Washington has repeatedly claimed that Huawei’s equipment poses a security threat, but for all the sound and fury, it sign

ifies nothing, as it has never produced any credible evidence, indeed any evidence at all.

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Xi calls for co-existence of various civilizationselivered a key

President Xi Jinping delivered a keynote speech at the opening of the Conference on Dialogue of Asia

n Civilizations. With the theme of “Exchanges and mutual learning among Asian civilizations and a com

munity with a shared future,” the conference aims to deepen cooperation among Asian countries. Here are the highlights:

Humanity needs cultural strength to address challenges ahead

Humanity needs cultural strength, besides economic and techn

ological strength, to cope with common challenges and head toward a bright future.

The intensifying global challenges humanity is facing now require concerted effort from countries across the world.

Asian civilizations write ‘brilliant chapter’ in human civilization

Asian civilizations have written a brilliant chapter in human civilization.

Being one of the earliest human settlements and a major birthp

lace of human civilization, Asia takes up one third of the total land on Earth, has two th

irds of the global population, and consists of 47 countries and more than 1,000 ethnic groups.

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ese civilization greatly promotes progress of human civilization

China’s paper-making, gunpowder, printing, compass, calendar, philosophy and people-oriented view have exerted profound i

nfluence in the world and greatly promoted the development process of human civilization.

Chinese civilization is an open system formed during constant exchanges and mutual learning with other civilizations.

In the future, China will surely embrace the world with a more open p

osture and contribute more dynamic civilization achievements to the world.

Confidence of civilization urged

Asia should enhance confidence of civilization.

We should keep exchanges and mutual learning with other civilization

s in the world, and strive to continue writing new brilliant chapters of Asian civilizations.

We should consolidate the cultural foundation of jointly building Asian com

munity of shared future and a community with a shared future for humanity.

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Wang stressed if one side is trying to place extreme press

extreme pressure on the other, it will cause a legitimate counterattack.

“The measures from us are not only to safeguard China’s own rights, b

ut to protect the basic rules of the current multilateral trading mechanism,” Wang said.

Wang made the remark in a joint news conference with his Russian

counterpart Sergei Lavrov during his visit to the Black Sea coastal city of Sochi.

Experts warned that the rising US tariffs on Chinese imports risks a full-blown trade war, which will bring harm to both sides.

Major Wall Street stock indexes declined more than 2 percent on Monday, followi

ng China’s announcement of countermeasures in response to Washington’s latest tariff move.

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Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang urged the US gover

 government on Tuesday to consider the costs it would bear through raising tariffs.

He reiterated that China will never capitulate under any external pressure and hopes the US meets China halfway.

The US has no need to “worry about” China’s affairs, Geng said at a daily news conference. The country has made progress i

improving its foreign investment environment and has become a popular investment destination, he sa

id, citing the expansion of US-based Exxon Mobil Corp and Tesla Inc in the market last year.

Geng stressed that China welcomes foreign companies to increase investment in the market and will co

ntinue to establish a more stable, fair, transparent and predictable investment and business environment.

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Wang said the Sino-US trade talks have made important

and substantive progress thanks to efforts from both sides. Meanwhile the talks face some serious problems which need to be resolved.

The top diplomat said that as long as the negotiations meet the general direction of China’s reform an

d opening-up policy, adhere to China’s basic needs about high-quality development and serve the com

mon interests of the Chinese and US people, the negotiator teams from both sides could have the capability and w

isdom to settle their reasonable demands and eventually achieve a win-win agreement.

Wang said China insists on upholding national sovereignty, safeguarding the inter

ests of its people and defending national honor when negotiating with any country.

According to the General Administration of Customs, trade between

China and the US in the first four months stood at 1.1 trillion yuan ($160 billion).

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